Question: The first weather satellite was launched on February 17, 1959. What was the name of this satellite?
Correct Answer Vanguard 2 was designed to measure cloud cover, however, this satellite was poor in collecting data as a poor axis and rotation kept it from collecting meaningful information.
TIROS-1 which was launched by NASA in 1960, was the first successful weather satellite and operated for 78 days.
Question: Anik 1 was a Canadian geosynchronous communications satellite that was launched in 1972. Anik is an Inuit word meaning what?
Correct Answer Anik 1 was launched in 1972 and operated until 1982. Prior to Anik 1, there were no working national television satellites orbiting the earth, making Anik 1 to become the first official national television satellite. Various remote areas of Northern Canada received television signals for the first time with the launching and orbiting of Anik 1.
Question: Which of the following are designed for observation of planets, galaxies, and outer space objects?
Correct Answer Astronomical satellites have allowed scientists, astronomers, and astrophysicists to observe and analyze our galaxy in great detail. Many satellites have x-ray and infra-red sensors that allow for greater details than a simple telescope can provide.
Question: Prior to 1957, what was the only satellite orbiting the earth?
Correct Answer The moon is the Earth's original natural satellite. Satellites are described as objects that revolve around the Earth in circular or elliptical motion, and the moon revolves in this pattern.
Question: What two nations were constantly trying to better each other from 1957-1975 in and informal competition known as the "Space Race"?
Correct Answer This competition involved efforts by both nations to try and explore outer space and artificial satellites. This competition also included vast efforts by both nations to try and send human beings into outer space and to see who could send the first man to the moon.
Question: What are the two most common ways that a satellite is launched into orbit?
Correct Answer In order to save on fuel comsumption, rockets are aimed straight up and then shot into the atmosphere. Due to gravity, gases, and interference, this is the most effective method in allowing a satellite into space safely with minimal damage. Many countries are now sending satellites into space regularly with government support in an effort to learn more about our solar system.