India Quiz, KBC Quiz, KBC Questions, Multiple Choice Question Answers
Displaying 141 to 150 of 313 Questions. You are on Page No. 15 of total 32 pages
Question: How many judges sat on the bench to hear the landmark case of Keshavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala in 1973?
Correct Answer The largest ever Bench of the Supreme Court was constituted to hear what would, out of the thousands of cases involving Fundamental Rights, be called THE Fundamental Rights case. The question to be considered was Parliament's power to amend the Constitution with regard to Fundamental Rights, especially in the light of recent Land Reform Legislation which kept getting struck down by the Supreme Court as being violative of the Right to Property.
A previous judgment of the Supreme Court in 1967, Golaknath v. Union of Indian, given by a 11 Judge Bench had stated that Fundamental Rights could not be amended at all and caused some concern among commentators and Parliament alike. In the Keshavananda Bharati case, the Supreme Court overruled the Golaknath case, but introduced a new concept which would change the face of Constitutional law in India and abroad forever.
Question: Which of the following Constitutional posts is enjoyed for a fixed term?
Correct Answer The President, according to Article 56 of the Constitution, enjoys his post for 5 years and can only be removed by a complicated impeachment process, akin to the President of the USA. The Prime Minister's term lasts only as long as his Cabinet enjoys the confidence of the Parliament. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court holds his post till the retirement age of 65. The Governor of a State, appointed by the President, holds his position only at the pleasure of the President and may be recalled by the President at any time.
Question: From which Constitution was the Concept of a Five Year Plan borrowed into the Indian Constitution?
Correct Answer A simple one actually. The framers of the Constititution were amazed at the success of the Five Year Plans in industrializing the USSR and wished to follow the planned economy model of the Soviet Union in modernizing India. Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, was also a huge fan of the Soviet Five Year Plans and wanted a similar Planning COmmission in India to oversee economic growth and Inddustrialization of the country.
Question: Which important human right is protected in Article 21 of the Constitution of India?
Correct Answer Article 21 states that no one maybe deprived of their life or liberty unless it is by due procedure of law. In the first 25 years or so, this Article was very narrowly interpreted by the Supreme Court to mean that no matter what the procedure of law stated, as long as it was followed, deprivation of one's life and liberty was not illegal. This view, however, changed with the landmark decision in Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India in 1979, wherein Justice Bhagwati introduced the American concept of due process, i.e., the law itself should be fair and non-violative of the other provisions of the Constitution, into the interpretation of Article 21.
This opened the floodgate for the expansive interpretation of Article 21, by the Supreme Court, which has been used to protect not just civil and political rights of the citizens, but also guarantee socio-economic rights which were not originally justiciable in the Constitution.
Question: Which of the following words was added into the Pre-amble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976?
Correct Answer The word "socialist" along with "secular", was added to the Pre-amble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976, ostensibly to reflect the rationale for the policies of the Indira Gandhi government during the Emergency period between 1975-1977. Several commentators have criticized the inclusion of these two words into the Pre-amble as they are vague, unclear concepts, which could cause confusion while interpreting the Constitution.
Question: Which dynasty was ruling in Delhi and was defeated by Babur when he invaded India?
Correct Answer The Lodhi dynasty's last ruler, Ibrahim Lodhi was kille in the battle with Babur's troops, as his formidable army routed in the face of a force a fifth its size, but better motivated and mobile.
Question: Wagah border town is also the place of the official checkpoint between India and which other country?
Correct Answer The border post at Wagah is also the place where a large number of people travelling to and from Pakistan cross. Every day, the closing of the border in the evening is done with much fanfare and a little jingoism on both sides, and attracts numerous spectators.
Question: Tamil, one of India's oldest languages, along with Sankrit, it has been the direct and indirect ancestor of many South Indian languages. Tamil is also the national language of which of the following countries?
Correct Answer Tamil's connection to Singapore actually goes way back, even beyond the Indian labourers who came to work in the British rubber plantations. The Malaysian peninsula was ruled by Tamil Kings, the Cholas for nearly a hundred years in the 12th and 13th centuries, under the inspired rule of the Chola dynasty, namely Raja Raja Chola, Rajadhiraja Chola and Rajendra Chola.
Question: Samudragupta, one of India's greatest empire builders, of the Gupta period, his son and father both had the same name. What was it?
Correct Answer Samudragupta's father was Chandragupta I(not to be confused with Chandragupta Maurya of the Mauryan dynasty), and his son, Chandragupta II. Samudragaupta, himself is called the Napoleon of India, for his stunning campaigns which saw him conquer all of what is now India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, in less than 30 years. He was also a renowned player of the Veena (similar to the Sitar), and an accomplished playwright as well.
Question: In which Indian city are you likely to find Osmania University, established by the local ruler or the Nizam?
Correct Answer That was a toughie, but then there are very few India related words starting with 'O'. The Osmania University was set up by the Nizam of Hyderabad, the ruler of the largest Princely State during the British Raj and continues to be a renowned center for higher studies in Andhra Pradesh state.