Question: Which monument was built in memory of a British monarch?
Correct Answer Queen Victoria was the first British monarch to be awarded the title of Queen-Empress of India in 1877. After her death in 1901, Lord Curzon felt a monument should be built in her memory. Construction began in 1904 and the monument was inaugurated by the Prince of Wales in 1921. It was designed by Sir William Emerson after the Taj Mahal in Agra. It is now a popular tourist attraction and two regular sound and light shows in English and Bengali are held here in the evening.
Question: Everyone knows 'The Taj Mahal'. It was built by the Emperor Shah Jahan, but for whom?
Correct Answer Mumtaz was Shah Jahan's favourite wife. After her death, Shah jahan wanted to immortalize her. So he ordered the construction of the grandest tomb. Marble was brought from all over India, especially from Rajasthan. It took about twenty one years and around twenty thousand workers to contruct this world wonder. A special kind of marble was used, which reflects different colours at different times of the day. The inside was studded with precious stones. After this the emperor was planning a tomb in marble for himself. However he was dethroned by his son, Aurangzeb.
Question: Where is the world's largest panoramic sculptural relief located?
Correct Answer The shore temples of Mahabalipuram ( or Mamallapuram) are legendary. It is said that there were originally seven temples. Six of them were lost to the sea. The only one remaining along with the nearby sculptures has been declared by the UN as a World Heritage Site.
Question: In which place in India can we find cave temples of three faiths?
Correct Answer The cave temples of Ellora are the creations of three faiths - Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Some archaeologists say that it is probably the biggest monolithic structure in the world. Nearby, in the caves of Ajanta, there are exquisite wall paintings, called frescoes, depicting scence from the life of Buddha.
Question: Which foreign influence is seen in the rock cut architecture of India?
Correct Answer The Persian architecture makes use of abundant symbolic geometry, using pure forms such as the circle and square. Plans are often based on symmetrical layouts featuring rectangular courtyards and halls.